Browsing All posts tagged under »First Nations History«

Aztecs at the Court of Charles V

August 19, 2011


Aboriginal people had been depicted many times by Europeans prior to 1529, of course.  But curiously enough, up to that date, all surviving depictions of Aboriginal people by Europeans were speculative, purely products of the imagination. In 1529, Christoph Weiditz, a German artist traveling with the court of Spanish Emperor Charles V, did what no one […]

The Innu & the Drummer Boy, 1633

June 14, 2011


An incident that occurred in 1633 showed that the cherishing attitude of the Montagnais-Naskapi toward all their children extended even to the French. A Montagnais man was looking closely at a drummer boy and his drum and was hit in the head with a drumstick, drawing blood.  In Montagnais style, the onlookers asked for presents in […]

Father Theo’s Bookshelf: Three Books About History

February 16, 2011


There are other books, of course.  These three I offer because they were useful to me.  I expect to make other recommendations in the future.  (That’s fair warning.) Sven Lindqvist, “Exterminate All the Brutes”, The New Press, New York, 1996. A travel book.  A meditation on colonialism.  An examination of the same colonial Africa which […]

History of Aboriginal America 8 – Taking Aboriginal Lands

February 5, 2011


11.  Were the Spanish Entitled to Take Aboriginal Lands? Why, as described in the previous unit, did Francisco de Vitoria feel compelled to uphold the indigenous people of the Americas as property owners? Because if they could not own property, then the Spanish could simply help themselves to what they wanted without resort to conscience, […]

It is a strict law that bids us dance

February 1, 2011


We want to know whether you have come to stop our dances and feasts, as the missionaries and agents who live among our neighbours try to do. We do not want anybody here who will interfere with our customs. We were told that a man-of-war would come if we should continue to as our grandfathers […]

History of Aboriginal America 7: The Birth of Aboriginal Rights

January 20, 2011


Plato, Aristotle & the School of Athens 10. The Father of International Law & the Rights of Indigenous Americans In 1532, forty years after Columbus first voyage, we hear for the first time some philosophic and legal objection to what had being occurring in the Americas.  A cleric and academic by the name of Francisco […]

History of Aboriginal America 6: Papal Generosity, the Laws of Burgos & more

January 14, 2011


9.  The Requirement, the Laws of Burgos and the Papal Donation of 1493 In 1513, Spain issued the Laws of Burgos which are notable for two things:  they officially incorporated and made part of Spanish law the institution created by Columbus, the incomienda, whereby land grants to settlers included, as an extra added benefit, the right to […]

Requerimiento (1513)

January 7, 2011


The following document was written by Palacios Rubios in 1513.  The Requirement or the requerimiento required Aboriginal people who heard it to surrender their lands and freedom to Spain, or face war and slavery.   As it came to be used, the mere reading of the document — in what would have been incomprehensible Spanish, sometimes […]

The Pope Grants the Americas to Spain: Inter Caetera, May 4, 1493

January 6, 2011


Pope Alexander VI was born in Spain. His original name was Rodrigo Borgia. He was the father of Lucrezia Borgia and Cesare Borgia. The papal bull Inter Caetera, issued by Pope Alexander VI on May 4, 1493, granted the Americas to Spain.  A papal bull was a papal decree, intended to be taken as the […]

Archaeological Sites in British Columbia & Other Dates

October 8, 2010


(Note:  BP means before the present, with the present being standardized at 1950.  These dates, when not taken from historical data*, are the result by and large of radiocarbon dating and are approximations only.) 30,000 BP – Beringia settled Beringia is a territory comprising parts of Siberia, Alaska, the Yukon and a now-lost area beneath […]