Browsing All posts tagged under »Indians of South America«

Sir Francis Drake’s Voyage Around the World

October 12, 2012


Narrative by Francis Pretty, One of Drake’s Gentlemen-at-Arms.  The FAMOUS VOYAGE of Sir FRANCIS DRAKE into the South Sea, and therehence about the whole Globe of the Earth, begun in the year of our Lord 1577. The 15th day of November, in the year of our Lord 1577, Master Francis Drake, with a fleet of five […]

Tunnel History for Juniors

September 11, 2011


Myths of the West 2 In The Colonizer’s Model of the World, JM Blaut writes about the concept of Tunnel History.  This is the type of history most of the people in Europe and the European world were taught in school up to about World War II, and, according to Blaut, remains the basis of […]

Sublimus Dei, 1537: “that the Indians are truly men”

August 13, 2011


In 1537, Pope Paul III issued the following decree in regard to whether the Aboriginal people in the Americas were entitled to human rights.  He was speaking against a contrary view, advanced by Spanish colonists and others,  that these peoples were mere beasts incapable of being Christianized and suitable only to be enslaved Sublimus Dei […]

Father Theo’s Bookshelf: Three Books About History

February 16, 2011


There are other books, of course.  These three I offer because they were useful to me.  I expect to make other recommendations in the future.  (That’s fair warning.) Sven Lindqvist, “Exterminate All the Brutes”, The New Press, New York, 1996. A travel book.  A meditation on colonialism.  An examination of the same colonial Africa which […]

Mundus Novus – An apocryphal voyage, an historical forgery

February 13, 2011


  The following narrative (which I have slightly edited for readability) was solemnly released as part of the Harvard Classics series in 1914, entitled Amerigo Vespucci’s Account of His First Voyage (1497).   There is in fact no record outside of this document of any such voyage, and the document itself is a forgery.  That […]

1493 – The Santángel Letter – First News of the New World

January 15, 2011


—–The Santángel Letter written by Christopher Columbus in 1493, is the first news (aside from the Norse sagas) that Europeans had of the Americas.  It represents the first appearance in European discourse of the image of what would come to be referred to as ‘the noble savage,’ and also introduces us — in company with […]

Francisco de Vitoria & the Rights of the Indians, Pt. I: De Indis, 1532

January 7, 2011


The following is an edited and abridged form of the work De Indis attributed to Francisco de Vitoria, but in fact compiled from lecture notes by his students and subsequently published.  Francisco de Vitoria was a professor of sacred theology at the University of Salamanca and presented the following arguments in 1532. The highlights,  section […]

The Pope Grants the Americas to Spain: Inter Caetera, May 4, 1493

January 6, 2011


Pope Alexander VI was born in Spain. His original name was Rodrigo Borgia. He was the father of Lucrezia Borgia and Cesare Borgia. The papal bull Inter Caetera, issued by Pope Alexander VI on May 4, 1493, granted the Americas to Spain.  A papal bull was a papal decree, intended to be taken as the […]

1.2 History as a Beaker of Mustard Seed 2 – Of Skulls & Glass Slippers

September 16, 2010


From Featherfolk, a work in progress. “How could sentimentalists and egalitarians stand against the dictates of nature?  Morton had provided clean, objective data based on the largest collection of skulls in the world.”  –Stephen Jay Gould Samuel George Morton had put together a chart which appeared to prove that persons of his own ethnicity had […]