Browsing All posts tagged under »Aboriginal history«

How Smallpox Was Sent Among the Odawa

August 20, 2011


This excerpt from the book History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, (1887) by Chief Mack-e-te-be-nessy (Andrew J. Blackbird) relates a story from Ottawa oral history about an incident of germ warfare which happened during the French-Indian Wars, probably sometime around 1757. However it was a notable fact that by this time [1763] […]

The Government Abuse of Aboriginal Children 4 – The Failure to Protect

March 29, 2011


Mordecai Richler invented a child character called Jacob Two-Two.  Jacob Two-Two is called that because he has to say everything twice before any adult will even hear him. Jacob Two-Two could be any Aboriginal person in Canada. In Canada, one of the stereotypes of Aboriginality is that Aboriginal people are always complaining about how they […]

The Government Abuse of Aboriginal Children 1—Mortality in the Residential Schools

March 26, 2011


What death statistics are available suggest a mortality rate at Indian residential schools ranging from about 17% to as high as 84%.

Imagining the Residential Schools—Dialogues & Monologues 1744 – 1931

March 13, 2011


Separating Aboriginal children from their parents, training them up in the ways of the Europeans:  that was scarcely a new idea when it was adopted as Canadian policy late in the nineteen century.  However the earlier efforts had stumbled over two realities. The first was that Aboriginal people were in the beginning an independent people […]

Chronicle of Canadian Aboriginal Policy, 1828 to 1876

February 28, 2011


Aboriginal policy in the North American colonies of Great Britain was originally pursued on a nation to nation basis.  Aboriginal nations were dealt with as military allies and enemies, and as essential trading partners.  This changed dramatically after the War of 1812.  In the decades after that war, which was essentially an extension of the […]

Four false assumptions of Canadian Aboriginal policy

February 26, 2011


From the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, 1996 Four false assumptions … The first held Aboriginal people to be inherently inferior and incapable of governing themselves. The second was that treaties and other agreements were, by and large, not covenants of trust and obligation but devices of statecraft, less expensive and more […]

The Many Fingers of the Indian Agents

February 23, 2011


Under Canada’s various Indian Acts, there was once and for a very long time the position on the Indian Superintendent, or, as he was more generally known, the Indian Agent.  The Indian Agent represented the Indian Act and the law in general to the Aboriginal people he had jurisdiction over. The Indian Agent had many […]