Flagellants in London, 1349

Posted on May 7, 2013

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flagellants at Doornik 1349-s

flagellants1Sir Robert of Avesbury, Keeper of the Registry of the Court of Canterbury, recounts the following visit of flagellants to London in 1349.  Flagellants, who became relatively common in Europe at the time of the Black Death, were attempting to repel the plague with acts of horrific ritual purity—one of many responses to that most horrific of European plagues.

In that same year of 1349, about Michaelmas over six hundred men came to London from Flanders, mostly of Zeeland and Holland origin. Sometimes at St Paul’s and sometimes at other points in the city they made two daily public appearances wearing cloths from the thighs to the ankles, but otherwise stripped bare. Each wore a cap marked with a red cross in front and behind.

flagellants sEach had in his right hand a scourge with three tails. Each tail had a knot and through the middle of it there were sometimes sharp nails fixed. They marched naked in a file one behind the other and whipped themselves with these scourges on their naked and bleeding bodies.

Four of them would chant in their native tongue and, another four would chant in response like a litany. Thrice they would all cast themselves on the ground in this sort of procession, stretching out their hands like the arms of a cross. The singing would go on and, the one who was in the rear of those thus prostrate acting first, each of them in turn would step over the others and give one stroke with his scourge to the man lying under him.

This went on from the first to the last until each of them had observed the ritual to the full tale of those on the ground. Then each put on his customary garments and always wearing their caps and carrying their whips in their hands they retired to their lodgings. It is said that every night they performed the same penance.  Sir Robert of Avesbury, De Gestis Mirabilbus Regis Edwardi Tertii

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See  : http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/mefrm.htm

http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/plague.html

http://www.u.arizona.edu/~afutrell/w%20civ%2002/plaguereadings.html

Posted in: history