The Global Heatwave Since Kyoto

Posted on August 3, 2010

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Since the signing of the Kyoto Accord on December 11, 1997, the following nations have set or equalled their national all-time high temperature records.

Countries are in bold, followed by the location where the record was set, the year or date of the record, and temperatures in degrees Celsius.

Records which have been set in the last 12 months are highlighted in red.

AFRICA

Algeria, In Salah, 2002 – max. 50.6

British Indian Ocean Territory, Diego Garcia, 1998 – max. 37.2

Cape Verde, Praia, 2004 – max. 37.3

Chad, Faya, 22 June 2010 – max. 47.6

Republic of Congo, Impfondo, 2005 – max. 39

Côte d’Ivoire, Odienné, 1998 – max. 41.5

Gabon, Tchibanga, 2008 – max. 37.5

Gambia, Basse Santa Su, 2008 – max. 45.5

Guinea, Koundara, 2008 – max. 45

Kenya, Wajir, 2007 – max. 42.6

Morocco, Agadir Airport, 2009 – max. 49.1

Niger, Bilma Agadez Departmente , 23 June 2010 – max. 48.2

Réunion, Le Port, 2003 – max. 36.9

Rwanda, Kigali, 2005 – max. 35.4

Saint Helena, Georgetown Ascension, 25 March 2010 – max. 34.9

São Tomé and Príncipe, São Tomé, 1998 – max. 36 (tie 1954)

Somalia, Bosaso, 2008 – max. 45.2

Somaliland, Berebera, 2004 – max. 47.8

Sudan, Dongola, 22 June 2010 – max. 49.7

Tanzania, Kisauni Airport (Zanzibar), 2007 – max. 39.4

Togo, Sansanné-Mango, 2007 – max. 39.4

Tunisia, Al-Burmah, 2005 – max. 50.1

Zambia, Mfuwe, 2005 – max. 42.3

More than half the temperature records in Africa have been broken or equalled since 1993.

ASIA

Afghanistan, Farah, August 2009 – max. 49.9

Armenia, Meghri, 2005 – max. 43.1

Azerbaijan, Göytäpä, 2000 – max. 47.4

Bahrain, Bahrain International Airport, 2000 – max. 47.5

Brunei, Banda Seri, Begawan, 1998 – max. 38.3 (tie 1983)

China, Aydingkol, 2008 – max. 49.7

Cyprus, Lefkoniko, 1 August 2010 – max. 46.6

Georgia, Chiatura, 2006 – max. 42.5

Hong Kong, Ta Kwu Ling, 2004 – max. 37.7

Indonesia, Jatiwangi, 2006 – max. 39.5

Iran, Hamidiyeh, 2001 – max. 52.5

Iraq, Basrah Airport, 14 June 2010 – max. 52

Japan, Tajimi and Kumagaia, 2007 – max. 40.9

Jordan, Jordan University Farm, 2002 – max. 50

Kuwait, Abdaly, 14 June 2010 – max. 52.6

Macau, Macao Weather Station, 2005 – max. 39

Maldives, Kadhdhoo, 1999 – max. 34.8

Malaysia, Chuping, 1998 – max. 40.1

Mongolia, Hongor, 1999 – max. 44

Myanmar (Burma), Myinmu, 14 May 2010 – max. 47.2

Oman, Sohar Majis, 2009 – max. 50.8 (tie 1990)

Pakistan, Mohenjo-daro, 26 May 2010 – max. 53.5  (Highest temperature ever recorded in Asia.)

Qatar, Ad-Dawah, 14 July 2010 – max. 50.4

Russia (Asia), Belogorsk, 25 June 2010 – max. 42.3

Russia (Asia), Ust Kara, 2 August 2010 – max. 42.7

Saudi Arabia, Jeddah Airport, 22 June 2010 – max. 52

Syria, Al-Hasakah, 2000 – max. 49.4

Taiwan, Chenggong, 2004 – max. 40.2

Turkey, Cizre Sirnak Province, 2000 – max. 48.6

More than half the temperature records in Asia have been broken or equalled since 1999.

EUROPE

Andorra, Andorra La Vella, 2005 – max. 38.5

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mostar, 2007 – max. 43.1

Faroe Islands, Vagar Floghavn, 2003 – max. 26.3

Finland, Joensuu Airport “Liperi”, 29 July 2010 – max. 37.2

France, Conqueyrac and St-Christol-les-Alès, 2003 – max. 44.1

Germany, Perl-Nennig, 2003 – max. 40.3

Guernsey, Guernsey Airport, 2003 – max. 34.3

Hungary, Kiskunhalas, 2007 – 41.9

Italy, Catenanuova, 1999 – max. 48.5 (Highest temperature ever recorded in Europe.)

Jersey, St. Helier, 2003 – max. 36

Kosovo (Serbia), Prizren, 2007 – max. 42

Liechtenstein, Vaduz, 2003 – max. 36 (tie 1947)

Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 2003 – max. 37.9

Macedonia, Demir Kapija, 2007 – max. 45.7

Malta, Luga, 1999 – max. 43.8

Moldova, Slobodzya, 2007 – max. 41.9

Montenegro, Podgorica, 2007 – max. 44.8

Portugal, Amareleja, 2003 – max. 47.4

Russia (European), Utta, 2 August 2010 – max. 45.4 (unofficial)

Serbia, Smederevska Palanka, 2007 – max. 44.9

Slovakia, Hurbanovo, 2007 – max. 40.3

Switzerland, Roveredo, 2003 – max. 39.3

Turkey, Edirne, 2007 – max. 44.1

Ukraine, Voznesensk, 2007 – max. 41.3

Ukraine, Lukhansk, 1 August 2010 — max. 41.3 (tie 2007)

U.K., Brogdale (near Faversham), 2003 – max. 38.5

More than half the temperature records in Europe have been broken or equalled since 1994.

OCEANIA

American Samoa, Pago Pago International Airport, 1998 – max. 35.6

Cocos Islands, Cocos Island Airport, 1998 – max. 32.8

Coral Sea Islands, Willis Island, 2002 – max. 35.2

FS Micronesia, Palikir, 2001 – max. 36.1

New Caledonia, Boulouparis, 2002 – max. 39.9

Solomon Islands, Tulaghi and Honiara Airport, 1 February 2010 – max. 36.1

Tokelau, Nukuonu, 17 January 2010 – max. 35.6

Tuvalu, Nui, 2000 – max. 35.3

Vanuatu, Bauerfield, 1 December 2009 – max. 35.6

Wallis and Futuna, Maopoopo, 2005 – max. 34.9

More than half the temperature records in Oceania have been broken or equalled since 1992.

NORTH AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN, ETC

Anguilla, The Valley, 2006 – max. 33.6

Aruba, Queen Beatrix Airport, 2003 – max. 36.5

Bahamas, Nassau Airport, 1998 – max. 36.5

Bonaire, Flamingo Airport, 2008 – max. 36.3

Cayman Islands, West Bay, 4 and 5 September 2009 – max. 34.9

Costa Rica, Liberia, 1998 – max. 40.1

Cuba, Jucarito and Manzanillo, 1999 – max. 38.8

Dominica, Canefield Airport, 2005 – max. 35.4

Dominican Republic, Jimani, 2009 – max. 40.8

Guatemala, Estanzuela, 1998 – max. 45

Panama, San Francisco, 1998 – max. 40

Puerto Rico, Ponce, 2003 – max. 37.8 (tie 1944)

Sint Eustatius, Roosevelt Airport, 2004 – max. 34.3

United States, Death Valley, 1998, 2005, 2007 – max. 53.9 (tie 1960)  (This is the highest temperature ever recorded, once before Kyoto, three times since.)

More than half the temperature records in North America have been broken or equalled since 1990.

SOUTH AMERICA

Bolivia, Villa Montes, 2007 – max. 46.7 (tie 1980)

Columbia, Puerto Salgar, 4 February 2010 – max. 42.2

French Guiana, Regina, 2005 – max. 39

Paraguay, Prats Gill, 14 November 2009 – max. 45

More than half the temperature records in South America have been broken or equalled since 1991.

——-

Accurate temperature records have been kept globally since 1880.

Yet more than 55% of the national high temperature records have been set since 1990.

In comparison, fewer than 15% of national low temperature records have been broken in the same time period.

Posted in: climate change